Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: sire to constitute itself into a body politic, in order that a State may come into existence. Of this act John Quincy Adams said: This is perhaps the only instance in human history of that positive, original, social compact which speculative philosophers have imagined as the only legitimate source of government. Here was a unanimous and personal assent by all the individuals of the community to the association by which they became a nation (i. e. State).1 At the present time we have a number of striking instances where this initial step looking towards the creation of a State is being taken. In the territories formerly ruled over by Russia and Austria-Hungary various peoples having1 a common race origin are making known their desire that they shall become independent States. Of these the Finns- Poles, Czecho-Slovaks, and Jugo-Slavs are apparently on the way towards success. Whether other peoples, such as the Ukrainians, will be equally successful still remains uncertain. Few issues of the present war are more important than that of the extent to which its outcome will be the addition of new States to the commonwealth of nations. Necessity That This Desire Shall Find Actual Expression.? Though the desire on the part of a community that it shall constitute a body politic constitutes the fundamental condition that must be present if a State is to come into existence, that desire alone is not sufficient to accomplish this result: it must find expression in actual action. It is thus probably true that the people of Poland desire ardently that they shall constitute a separate body politic. The same is also probably true of other peoples. In neither case, however, does a State result. In order that a State Quoted in Goodwin's "The Pilgrim Republic," Boston, 1888. may come ...
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