"Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm CH FRSL FBA (/ˈhɒbz.bɔːm/; 9 June 1917 – 1 October 2012) was a British historian of the rise of industrial capitalism, socialism and nationalism. Ideologically a Marxist, his socio-political convictions influenced the character of his work, though this is true of any coherent intellectual. His best-known works include his trilogy about what he called the ""long 19th century"" (The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848, The Age of Capital: 1848–1875 and The Age of Empire: 1875–1914), The Age of Extremes on the short 20th century, and an edited volume that introduced the influential idea of ""invented traditions"".
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