The Last Empire The Final Days of the Soviet Union

The Last Empire
  • Engels
  • Paperback
  • 9780465046713
  • Druk: First Trade Paper ed
  • mei 2014
  • 544 pagina's
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Serhii Plokhy

Serhii Plokhy is historicus, werkzaam als professor Oekraïense Geschiedenis aan Harvard University en de directeur van het Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. Hij heeft meerdere boeken over Oekraïne, Rusland en Oost-Europa geschreven, inclusief het veelvuldig bekroonde The Last Empire.


On Christmas Day, 1991, President George H. W. Bush addressed the nation to declare an American victory in the Cold War: earlier that day Mikhail Gorbachev had resigned as the first and last Soviet president. The enshrining of that narrative, one in which the end of the Cold War was linked to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the triumph of democratic values over communism, took centre stage in American public discourse immediately after Bush's speech and has persisted for decades,with disastrous consequences for American standing in the world.As Prize-winning historian Serhii Plokhy reveals in The Last Empire , the collapse of the Soviet Union was anything but the handiwork of the United States. On the contrary, American leaders dreaded the possibility that the Soviet Union,weakened by infighting and economic turmoil,might suddenly crumble, throwing all of Eurasia into chaos. Bush was firmly committed to supporting his ally and personal friend Gorbachev, and remained wary of nationalist or radical leaders such as recently elected Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Fearing what might happen to the large Soviet nuclear arsenal in the event of the union's collapse, Bush stood by Gorbachev as he resisted the growing independence movements in Ukraine, mouldova, and the Caucasus. Plokhy's detailed, authoritative account shows that it was only after the movement for independence of the republics had gained undeniable momentum on the eve of the Ukrainian vote for independence that fall that Bush finally abandoned Gorbachev to his fate.Drawing on recently declassified documents and original interviews with key participants, Plokhy presents a bold new interpretation of the Soviet Union's final months and argues that the key to the Soviet collapse was the inability of the two largest Soviet republics, Russia and Ukraine, to agree on the continuing existence of a unified state. By attributing the Soviet collapse to the impact of American actions, US policy makers overrated their own capacities in toppling and rebuilding foreign regimes. Not only was the key American role in the demise of the Soviet Union a myth, but this misplaced belief has guided,and haunted,American foreign policy ever since.


Written like a good thriller, The Last Empire recounts how chance events and quirky personalities led within a few months in 1991 to the disintegration of the empire built and maintained by generations of Russian tsars and Soviet apparatchiks'. * Guardian * 'A poignantly accurate examination of the last four months in the existence of the USSR...a grippingly captivating story'. * International Affairs * Incisive... [Plokhy's] vibrant, fast-paced narrative style captures the story superbly' * Sunday Times * Fascinating and readable... the cast is terrific... Beautifully written' * Sunday Telegraph, five star review * 'A riveting thriller' * Mail on Sunday * Fine-grained, closely reported [and] highly readable' * FT * 'Almost a day-by-day, blow-by-blow account of the actions and reactions of the main figures... Very relevant to today's Ukrainian crisis... The dramatic events of the second half of 1991 are very well recounted' * Literary Review * Serhii Plokhy's great achievement in this wonderfully well-written account is to show that much of the triumphalist transatlantic view of the Soviet collapse is historiographical manure... The author explains as no one in English has until now, just how central Ukraine was to the viability of any sort of Soviet bloc... it's bracing and timely... well worth reading' * The Times * A superb work of scholarship, vividly written, that challenges tired old assumptions with fresh material from East and West, as well as revealing interviews with many major players... masterly' * Spectator * 'In this highly original reanalysis, drawing on rarely used sources scattered from Texas to Ukraine, Serhii Plokhy gives us a whole new perspective on the Fall of the Soviet Union. Did the USA really win' the Cold War, he asks - or did democracy undo the Soviet Empire from the inside?' -- Ian Morris, Professor of History at Stanford University and author of Why the West Rules - For Now 'Gripping, vivid and incisive - essential reading for anyone wanting to counter modern Russian myth-making about the Soviet collapse.' -- Edward Lucas, senior editor at the Economist and author of The New Cold War 'Indispensable. At last, a definitive account of the breakup of the USSR: for the first time, Serhii Plokhy tells the story not just from the point of view of Moscow, and not from Washington, but also from Ukraine and the other republics where many of the most important decisions were actually made. If you don't understand what really happened in 1991, then you'll find it impossible to understand the politics of the region today.' -- Anne Applebaum, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Gulag: A History 'A brilliant work of political narrative: vivid, original, urgent and, above all, wise. Serhii Plokhy's dramatic account of the high politics behind the collapse of the Soviet Union could not be more timely. In the context of what many see as a new Cold War between Russia and the West, it is crucial that we understand what really happened in 1991.' -- Rachel Polonsky, author of Molotov's Magic Lantern: Travels in Russian History 'By far our best account yet of the death spiral of the USSR. Serhii Plokhy's fine book combines a colorful, fast-paced narrative with trenchant analysis of key players in the Soviet collapse.' -- William Taubman, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Khrushchev: The Man and His Era 'A masterful account of the end of the Soviet Union. The narrative tale alone, enriched by reams of new evidence, makes it well worth reading for anyone interested in the making of the contemporary world. But The Last Empire is equally notable for its penetrating analysis. It is particularly revealing on the contradictions built into US policy and on the contributions to the outcome of the many nations of the USSR, including the Ukrainians, whose pivotal role has often been neglected in previous studies.' -- Timothy Colton, Professor of Government at Harvard University and author of Yeltsin: A Life 'Masterful... Provocatively places Ukrainian independence as the central factor in the Soviet Union's collapse. Gripping reading, full of surprises and revelations for everyone, especially on the American role in this revolutionary event.' -- Vladislav Zubok, Professor of International History at the London School of Economics

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  • 1991-1992 in de Sovjet Unie
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    Geschreven bij The Last Empire

    In deze tijd met de narigheid in Ukraine is het nuttig in dit boek nog eens precies te lezen over het uiteenvallen van de Sovjet Unie in 1992. Hoe Gorbachef en Jeltsin het slechts over 'e'en ding eens waren, nml. dat Rusland en Ukraine voor altijd samen moesten blijven

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First Trade Paper ed
21 x 14 x 4,1 cm
Aantal pagina's
544 pagina's


Serhii Plokhy



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