China is the lone survivor of the four major ancient civilizations. There are factors associated with its environment, but there is an important one that differentiates China from other civilizations. During the past four plus millennia, there had been many dynasty turnovers in China, and each dynasty could be considered a different country. However, all these "countries" were all based on China's own characteristic, nonsectarian and nonexclusive Confucianism while civilizations of other countries were based on race, ethnic groups or religions which often were associated with exclusivity. The Chinese civilization thus continued despite changes of dynasties and invasions by foreign tribes, which eventually became assimilated. However, Confucianism since the Ming Dynasty in the 13th century had moved to a narrow form of interpretation, adhering to dogmatism, not unlike that of the Medieval Scholasticism. China became out of line with the rapid industrialization and enlightenment in Europe. For nearly two hundred years, China went downhill amidst foreign invasions and internal strife, hampering efforts of rejuvenation. It was not until after the infamous "Cultural Revolution" that China was able to develop its full potential. This book also discusses the background of Chinese civilization that enables China to find an exit from a dead end road to destruction, and within a short period of 30 years to leap to the present state of prosperity, though there are still difficult struggles ahead.