Lu Xun (1881–1936) studied to be a doctor before turning to writing, as the self-appointed literary physician of China’s spiritual ills. After his death, he was called “the saint of modern China” by Mao Zedong, who commandeered him in service of the Cultural Revolution.
This edition of Lu Xun's Chinese classic A Madman's Diary features both English and Chinese side by side for easy reference and bilingual support. The Lu Xun Bilingual Study Series includes a study guide and additional materials for each book in the series.Published in 1918 by Lu Xun, one of the greatest writers in 20th-century Chinese literature. This short story is one of the first and most influential modern works written in vernacular Chinese and would become a cornerstone of the New Culture Movement. It is the first story in Call to Arms, a collection of short stories by Lu Xun. The story was often referred to as ''China's first modern short story''.The diary form was inspired by Nikolai Gogol's short story ''Diary of a Madman, '' as was the idea of the madman who sees reality more clearly than those around him. The ''madman'' sees ''cannibalism'' both in his family and the village around him, and he then finds cannibalism in the Confucian classics which had long been credited with a humanistic concern for the mutual obligations of society, and thus for the superiority of Confucian civilization. The story was read as an ironic attack on traditional Chinese culture and a call for a New Culture. The English translation is provided courtesy of the Marxists Internet Archive.