The dual purpose of the revision of this work has been simplification and amplification.
The language has been recast in parts and there have been added sub-titles within each chapter, cross-references and an index. Ideas such as ''Religion as law,'' the Logos of Philo and the development of Messianism have been made as simple as these subjects admit of.
In seeking illustrations to vivify the narrative it is unfortunate that so little is available. Ah! if we had pictures of Hillel, of Akiba the Martyr, of Judah the Saint, of the Jamnia Academy, of the splendor of the Babylonian Exilarch. But this very absence of pictures is in itself a bit of Jewish history.
This new edition contains quotations from the literature of the periods covered, from the Apocrypha, Philo, Josephus and the Mishna. Three chapters have been added, two on ''Stories and Sayings of the Sages of the Talmud'' and one on ''Rabbi Judah and his times.'' Other chapters have been placed in more logical sequence. Both the Chronological Tables and the Notes are fuller. A new feature has been introduced in a ''theme for discussion'' at the close of each chapter that may be found helpful to study circles and Chautauqua societies. This has also been introduced in the recently issued ''Modern Jewish History.''
The author expresses his grateful indebtedness to Dr. David de Sola Pool for a most careful reading of the manuscript and for many corrections and suggestions; also to Mr. Philip Cowen for the aid rendered in collecting the illustrations. The author has availed himself of writings that have appeared on this epoch since the edition of 1904. He hopes he has succeeded in producing a more readable book.
When the impatient youth demands, like the heathen from Hillel, a definition of Judaism, bid him ''go and learn'' the history of the Jew. Let him follow the fascinating story from hoar antiquity, when the obscure Hebrews, ''leaving kindred and father's house,'' took a bold and new departure for the land that God would show—the land that would show God.
Point to the colossal figure of Moses on Sinai, ''greatest of the prophets,'' who gave the first uplifting impulse with his Ten Words of Faith and Duty. Trace with him the soul struggle of this ''fewest of all peoples'' to reach the truth of divinity—beginning with a crude conception that became steadily more exalted and more clarified with each successive age, until, at last, the idea is realized of an all-pervading Spirit, with ''righteousness and justice as the pillars of His throne,'' the ''refuge of all generations.''
Make clear to him how the revelation of the divine will came to be expressed in Law. And, how the preservation and development of this Law, in the interpreting hands of prophets, scribes, rabbis, poets and philosophers, became henceforth the controlling motif of the history of the Jew, his modus vivendi, whether under Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabians or Franks. Help him to see that through it the Jew held in his keeping the religious fate of Orient and Occident, that took from him their respective impressions of Islamism and Christianity.
Let him see the ''God-intoxicated'' teaching his message by living it; the Suffering Servant whose martyrdom brought healing to his smiters.
Then, perhaps, he may understand that no one definition can completely express the Faith of the Jew and his place in the divine economy. But with this glimpse of his history the grandeur of his inheritance will sink into his consciousness, becoming part of himself, and he will be thrilled with the tremendous responsibility devolving upon him as a member of the priest-people, the witnesses of God, whose mission was and is to ''bring light to the Gentiles—that salvation may reach to the ends of the earth.''
By e-Kitap Projesi, Illustrated by Murat Ukray..