This book presents an updated account on the latest discoveries in the field of research and treatment of amyloidosis. Amyloidosis is a rare disorder identified by the accumulation of extracellular amyloid proteins in tissues. Important developments have been made lately; not only offering an insight in to the pathophysiology of the disease but also aiding discovery of novel therapies to fight this deadly disease. Efficient and even curative therapies can be implemented if correct diagnosis and typing are made early. However, due to the rarity of the disease and its protean clinical manifestations, patients may be misdiagnosed, particularly during early stages of the disease which may lead to missed chances for effective therapy. The purpose of this book is to acquaint readers with the clinical presentation of amyloidosis and to analyze latest diagnostic and therapeutic developments.