The book contains 30 top-notch chapter-reviews on recent methodological developments in the area of synthetic fluoro-organic chemistry, Fluorous technology, and biological applications of fluorinated compounds. Special emphases are given to the synthesis of biologically relevant compounds (alcohols, amines, alpha- and beta-amino acids, peptides), industrial-scale production of highly versatile, synthetically useful fluorinated synthons, as well Fluorous technology. The book has been designed to be a comprehensive snap-shot of current research activity in the field reviewed by internationally renowned leading experts from academic and industrial laboratories around the world. The topics covered in the book range from synthesis of small fluorinated molecules to peptides and macromolecules for crystal engineering. Substantial amount of data reviewed in the book have never been published. In particular cutting-age Fluorous technology, summarized in the book, will give the reader unprecedented prospective on new separation methods which will be on market in the nearest future. Taking into account the significant impact that fluorinated compounds have made on nearly all aspects of modern life this book is expected to be a current prime reference in the field and might be of interest to diverse readership.