The Hong Kong Becoming China multi-volume series is published for an international readership. It aims to provide both expert analysis and the documentary basis for an informed understanding of Hong Kong's transition as a free society and capitalist economy toward socialist Chinese sovereignty under the One country, Two systems formula. This series explores the crucial dimensions of Hong Kong's current developments in this transitional process, as well as their global implications. This volume explores the implications that the return of sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, and the accompanying transitional processes, will have for education. The major issues addressed include: the social, historical and international context; the legitimacy of educational policy and the challenge of bringing up citizens in the People's Republic of China (PRC); the present and future role of education in social class and gender stratification, the use of Putonghua and English in schools; and comparisons between education in Hong Kong and the PRC and the potential for future convergence.