The textbook will describe the relationship between human cardiopulmonary system and exercise in a format that is related to the mode of exercise, health status and aging. It will include data regarding exercise training principles and the adaptations of the cardiopulmonary following: anaerobic, resistance and aerobic training. A more in-depth presentation of the cardiopulmonary system adaptations in pressing environments such as: warm, cold and altitude. Therefore, students will experience a depth and extent of content balanced with unique and effective learning features: It will help students find the way by both the text and subject matter. Knowing cardiopulmonary exercise function in health and disease will allow understand new research and findings relevant to cardiovascular status as assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise indices. It will bring together investigational exercise physiologists, cardiologists and scientists who share a wealth of experience needed to judge the cardiovascular status and function, and the impairments of patients with a variety of cardiac dysfunction. This book will provide a comprehensive, updated presentation of the information of the cardiovascular system as a whole, and its individual components.