Fluxes, Fevers and Fighting Men War and Disease in Ancien Regime Europe 1648-1789

Auteur: Padraig Lenihan
Taal: Engels
Fluxes, Fevers and Fighting Men
Auteur: Padraig Lenihan
Uitgever: Helion & Company
  • Engels
  • Hardcover
  • 9781911628514
  • mei 2019
  • 176 pagina's
Alle productspecificaties

Samenvatting

The proportion of wartime soldiers dying of disease as against combat injury, ran at about 70-75 percent in armies campaigning in Europe in the century and a half (1648-1789) between the end of the Thirty Years War and the French Revolution. During this time, field armies doubled in size and regimes usually fought for limited territorial gains, so it was safest to occupy, entrench, and wait'. Consequently, this was an era of massive and protracted encampments: the Christian army that sat down before Belgrade in 1717 had more mouths than any city within 500 miles, but lacked basic urban amenities like regular markets, wells, privy pits, and night soil collectors. Yet the impact of sickness on military operations has been neglected. This study uncovers how many soldiers sickened and died by consulting quantitative data, such as casualty returns and hospital registers, generated by the new state-contract armies which displaced the mercenary hordes of the Thirty Years' War. As plague began to recede from Europe, this study explains what exactly were these fluxes and fevers' that remained to afflict European armies in wartime and argues that they formed a single seasonal continuum that peaked in late summer. The isolation and incarceration of the military hospital characterized the response of the new armies to disorder' and to revivified notions of contagion. However, the hospital often prolonged the late summer morbidity/mortality spike into mid-winter by generating hospital fever' or typhus, the lice-borne disease that erupted whenever the cold, wet, hungry, transient, and unwashed huddled together. The cure was the disease. This scope of the study includes French army operations in some of its contiguous campaigning theatres, north Italy (1702 and 1734), the Rhineland (1734), Roussillon (1674), possibly Catalonia (1693), and, further afield, Bohemia (1742). The study also includes three case-studies involving the British army that include Ireland (1689), Portugal (1762), Dutch Brabant (1748), and the Rhineland (1743). The outliers are studies of Habsburg operations in and around Belgrade (1717 and 1737), and Russian operations in Crimea (1736).

Productspecificaties

Inhoud

Taal
Engels
Bindwijze
Hardcover
Verschijningsdatum
mei 2019
Aantal pagina's
176 pagina's
Illustraties
Nee

Betrokkenen

Auteur
Padraig Lenihan
Uitgever
Helion & Company

EAN

EAN
9781911628514

Overige kenmerken

Extra groot lettertype
Nee
Subtitel
War and Disease in Ancien Regime Europe 1648-1789
Thema Qualifier Code
3MG
Thema Subject Code
NHWF

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Taal
Engels
Studieboek of algemeen
Algemene boeken
Periode
ca. 1500-1800
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