This book provides basic understanding of the use of polylactic acid (PLA) as a food packaging material. It covers the properties of PLA and relates these properties to its use as a food packaging material. The challenges that militates against PLA application to food packaging as well as the strategies and research attempts to address them have been presented. This book is intended for students and teachers of polymer science, material science and packaging. Researchers and packaging professionals responsible for designing, fabricating, testing, and controlling the quality of plastic materials may also find this book useful.