Orthopedic surgery is a field of medicine that is concerned with the surgical and nonsurgical management of musculoskeletal trauma, degenerative diseases, sports injuries and congenital disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Some of the procedures of orthopedic surgery are arthroplasty, arthroscopy, ankle replacement, corticotomy, corpectomy, femoral head ostectomy, etc. The surgical domain of traumatology and trauma surgery is a sub-specialty within orthopedic surgery, which is concerned with the operative management of major traumas and fractures. The management of traumas may involve procedures, such as hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty and soft-tissue knee reconstruction. Various orthopedic implants are used to support damaged bones or to replace missing joints. Such implants are implanted through internal fixation, and includes Moore's pin, Kuntscher nail, Charnley prosthesis, Baksi's prosthesis and Austin-Moore prosthesis, etc. This book explores all the important aspects of orthopedic surgery, in the present day scenario. The various studies that are constantly contributing towards advancing technologies and evolution of this field are examined in detail. It attempts to assist those with a goal of delving into this field.