This study focuses on two documents traditionally associated with the Pauline foundation of the Macedonian Church at Thessalonica. The first of these is seen as representing Paul's earliest epistolary efforts and as providing two successive moments in his long paraenetic relationship with that community. The second document, written in Paul's name and at a later date, attempts to calm the apocalyptic fervor of the community by reiterating its traditional eschatological and Christological teaching.
After treating these introductory matters, this study provides a new translation of each section of the canonical text, explains in notes the pertinent textual and linguistic features of the text, and then offers in a series of interpretative essays a literary, rhetorical, and thematic analysis of the biblical documents. The constant concern of this commentary is to provide assistance to modern readers in discerning the relationship between the authors and their intended readers. Short bibliographies suggest other important modern studies.