Historically, in Southern India, traditional methods of soil and water management were practiced through a network of more than 8 lakh tanks. These tanks were managed largely following the principles of equity and justice in sharing these resources. Over time, Tanks have declined and are in state of disrepair due to various factors. In this backdrop, WWF intended to restore tanks in the Mid Godavari Basin, Andhra Pradesh. The aim was to protect farmers, reduce depleting water resources and create livelihood opportunities by addressing 3 core issues - tank restoration, strengthening village communities, economic development and preserving tank ecology. 12 tanks were chosen, an NGO, MARI executed desiltation. ICRISAT assessed impacts of silt usage by farmers. ISEC assessed social, economic and ecological impacts. WWF formulated GIS maps.The objective was to put forth a case of potential benefits of tank restoration and initiate a policy dialogue with the State to improvise Tanks.The current book captures ISEC's findings on tank restoration benefits in socio-economic context and ecological restoration avenues. The book will provide valuable insights to policy makers and researchers.