The distribution of health-related services and information by using electronic information system and telecommunication technologies is known as telehealth. It facilitates long distance patient/clinician contact, intervention, education, monitoring and remote admissions. Telehealth involves two or more clinicians discussing a case over video conference, client to practitioner online conference, physical therapy via digital monitoring instruments, and robotic surgery occurring through remote access. The use of information technology and telecommunication to provide clinical health care from a distance is known as telemedicine. It is useful in overcoming distance barriers and in improving access to the medical services, which are not usually available in distant rural areas. The topics included in this book on telemedicine and telehealth are of utmost significance and bound to provide incredible insights to readers. It studies, analyzes and upholds the pillars of these fields and their utmost significance in modern times. This book will prove to be immensely beneficial to students and researchers in the fields of telemedicine and telehealth.