The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume I

Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA)

  • Engels
  • 9780253353283
  • mei 2009
  • Hardcover
  • 1728 pagina's
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This monumental 7-volume encyclopedia, the result of years of work by the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, will describe the universe of camps and ghettos-some 20,000 in all-that the Nazis and their allies operated, from Norway to North Africa and from France to Russia. For the first time, a single reference work will provide detailed information on each individual site. This first volume covers three groups of camps: the early camps that the Nazis established in the first year of Hitler's rule, the major SS concentration camps with their constellations of subcamps, and the special camps for Polish and German children and adolescents. Overview essays provide context for each category, while each camp entry provides basic information about the site's purpose; the prisoners, guards, working and living conditions; and key events in the camp's history. Material from personal testimonies helps convey the character of the site, while source citations provide a path to additional information.


This book is the first in a projected multivolume reference work on the thousands of concentration camps and ghettos administered by Nazi Germany both prior to and during WW II. All told, millions of prisoners from all over Nazi-occupied Europe were placed in these camps. After being incarcerated for various reasons involving race, politics, and Germany's need for labor, millions were murdered. Although Jews were the special targets, other groups included were Roma and Sinti (Gypsies), homosexuals, resistance fighters, common criminals, communists, prisoners of war, and more. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum undertook this project to provide a reliable, up-to-date reference based on the massive amount of archival material that has become available since the expiration of the 50-year archival restrictions in many countries and the successful effort to open the Bad Arolsen archives in Germany. Toward this end, the project directors enlisted the leading experts on the Holocaust and on Nazi Germany to write the articles included in this work. The result is a readable encyclopedia with very up-to-date bibliographical sources. This important reference work belongs on every library bookshelf. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-level undergraduates and above; general readers.J. Fischel, Professor Emeritus, Messiah College, CHOICE, November 2009 Well researched... accessible... this valuable resource covers an aspect of the Holocaust rarely addressed and never in such detail. A valuable addition to libraries focusing on the Holocaust. -Library Journal A readable encyclopedia with very up-to-date bibliographical sources. This important reference work belongs on every library bookshelf. -Choice, November 2009 [This] volume would well serve those who research the Holocaust or work with survivor memoirs and testimonies. -The American Jewish World, April 2, 2010 This work will be of particular use to specialists in the fields of German and Austrian history, European labor history, and the history of World War II. -Jewish Book World, Fall 2010 The most efficacious way of fighting the scourge of Holocaust denial is with the facts. No argument posed by deniers can withstand the overwhelming weight of the truth. This encyclopedia will provide a host of detail about crucial aspects of the Holocaust that cannot be found elsewhere. -Deborah E. Lipstadt, author of History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving An indispensable source that no one individual could compile in a lifetime of research... An especially useful reference work for anyone working with survivor memoirs and testimonies. -Christopher R. Browning, author of Ordinary Men: Reserve Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland The USHMM Encyclopedia is a highly significant and overdue synthesis of existing documentary studies and specialized knowledge on the history and profile of Nazi concentration camps. -German Studies Review All in all, the USHMM encyclopedia is a most welcome contribution to the history and memory of the Nazi concentration camps. For scholars, this first volume is a valuable reference work whose great strength lies first and foremost in the transfer of knowledge, bringing the hitherto mostly German discourse to the wider international audience. -Studies in Contemporary Jewry Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2009 Winner, 2009 National Jewish Book Awards, Holocaust Winner, 2010 Judaica Reference Award -



mei 2009
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1728 pagina's



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Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA)

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