Sanctions are one of the most widely used political measures to resolve conflicts, prevent atrocities or act as a deterrent to the proliferation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Yet they are perhaps the least understood political tools, and even those in governments and companies with the responsibility to implement sanctions often are overwhelmed by their technical complexities.
This Practitioners' Handbook, authored and peer-reviewed by leading sanctions practitioners answers to pragmatic implementation information needs. Specifically, it explains embargoes on conventional arms as well as the far more elaborate restrictions of WMD, related asset freezes and other economic measures, or the individual UN travel bans. These measures are now applied to the illegal proliferation efforts by North Korea. Some of these restrictions also still apply to Iran - despite the recent agreement by Iran to disarm its non-civilian nuclear infrastructure.
Additionally, this handbook delivers ten typologies of sanctions violations, drawn from real investigations, to illustrate practical challenges that those with implementation responsibilities must face. Fourteen tables, twenty two extensive diagrams and figures, and five annexes further assist readers to understand all the technical issues that are part of today's sanctions complexities. They include the names of those individuals and entities who will be delisted from the Iran sanctions according to the schedule of the JCPOA, the disarmament agreement recently concluded between the P5 +1 and Iran.