Up From Poverty In Rural India

Up From Poverty In Rural India
Uitgever: Read Books
  • Engels
  • Paperback
  • 9781406774405
  • maart 2007
  • 252 pagina's
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UP FROM POVERTY IN RURAL INDIA BY D. SPENCER HATCH B. Sc., At. Sc. in Agr., Ph. D. Directing Rural Demonstration, Tmvancore and Cochin District WITH A FOREWORD BY THE EARL OF WILLINGDON G. M. S. I., G. C. M. G., G. M. I. E., G. B. E. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS BOMBAY CALCUTTA MADRAS 1938 COMING INTO NEW-FOUN13 WEALTH Outcast still, but he has learned to turn out the finest products, which he brings in to his co-operative market. Here is thy footstool and there rest thy feet where live the poorest, and lowliest, and lost. When I try to bow to thee, my obeisance cannot reach down to the depth where thy feet rest among the poorest, and lowliest, and lost. Pride can never approach to where thou walkest in the clothes of the humble among the poorest, and lowliest, and lost. My heart can never find its way to where thou keepest company with the companionless among the poorest, the lowliest, and the lost. RABINDRANATH TAGORE Gitanjali One of the oldest and perhaps the noblest of human aspirations has been the abolition of poverty. HERBERT HOOVER TO THOSE GREAT NUMBERS OF BOYS AND GIRLS MEN AND WOMEN OF RURAL INDIA WHO, BECAUSE THEY KNOW NOT HOW TO PROVIDE FOR THEMSELVES, ARE HUNGRY, UNHEALTHY, UNHAPPY AND DEPRESSED THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED IN THE HOPE THAT ITS INFLUENCE MAY HELP THEM AND THEIR POSTERITY FOREWORD THE future of India is so much in the public mind at the present time, that a volume written by one who has worked in India long years, and has, to my personal knowledge, done good service in his endeavours to improve the condition of the rural classes, will be helpful as showing some of the difficulties that exist there and as giving suggestions for the future in regard to this importantbranch of the Indian problem. As an old administrator in the country I can safely say that the rural problem of India has been one of the chief preoccupations of the administrations throughout the country for long years past. Much has been done to improve the condition of the rural worker. Great irriga tion schemes have been established to secure him from famine co-operative societies of all kinds have been formed to save him from the grinding persecution of the money-lender demonstration and experimental farms have been set up in all parts of the country to show him in a practical fashion how to improve his cultivation and his breeding of stock. But, to my mind, the main obstacle to his advance and progress lies in the psycho logy of the rural worker himself, owing to the custom and habit of caste and tradition that have governed his life and actions for generations. Under the rigidity of caste principles, he has always accepted his position of serfdom, of the hewer of wood and drawer of water for his higher caste brethren, and for this reason and also through want of education and lack of ambition he has shown little inclination to try and rise in the social scale. It is difficult to improve x UP FROM POVERTY conditions of life with people who under the stringency of caste principles see no hope of improving. But progress. is being made, though it must be slow, and Dr. Spencer Hatchs volume will, I hope and believe, help that progress, by showing what mistakes, in his opinion, have been made in the past and the best steps to be taken to secure sound and satisfactory advance in the future. WlLLINGDON AUTHORS PREFACE To THE FOURTH EDITION I AM glad that the call for a fourth edition ofthis book means that many are being able to use the principles and methods which we have found good after years of trial and effort. May this description, together with the story of developments told in my new book Further Upward make it unnecessary for others to go the whole, long, slow and costly way of experimentation which we have gone. May these books encourage all readers, convincing them of the possibilities of the climb. September 1938 D. S. H. To THE THIRD EDITION RURAL reconstruction has become a world-wide movement...



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D. Spencer Hatch
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